Let us forever recall this day as one of Infamy, not as unproked aggression on the part of Japan, but rather as a reply to US’ aggression.
the McCollum memo (link below)contained an 8 action plan:
- A. Make an arrangement with Britain for the use of British bases in the Pacific, particularly Singapore
- B. Make an arrangement with the Netherlands for the use of base facilities and acquisition of supplies in the Dutch East Indies
- C. Give all possible aid to the Chinese government of Chiang-Kai-Shek
- D. Send a division of long range heavy cruisers to the Orient, Philippines, or Singapore
- E. Send two divisions of submarines to the Orient
- F. Keep the main strength of the U.S. fleet now in the Pacific[,] in the vicinity of the Hawaiian Islands
- G. Insist that the Dutch refuse to grant Japanese demands for undue economic concessions, particularly oil
- H. Completely embargo all U.S. trade with Japan, in collaboration with a similar embargo imposed by the British Empire
Likewise, in an analytical reading – using the structure and process model from Power and Interdependence, Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, 1977, p.18, should the U.S. fully implemented (which it did) all eight-actions-plan as outlined, and should Japan sense its increase vulnerabilities, then “it may use military force to attempt to redress that situation as Japan did in 1941; …” In a historical perspective, a more open (absence of prearranged agenda) reading of McCollum memo (Arthur H. McCollum), with a strong foreign pressure (at the time, and traditionally as a young nation, the general U.S. public sentiment was not to get involved in foreign wars) from its allies, would suggest that the United States administration needed a Pearl Harbor like attack at home to … the war that was happening in Europe. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McCollum_memo
Long before Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt began cutting ties to Japan, refusing to meet with ambassadors- even Japans’ Royal family- in their pursuit of a peace treaty.
Instead they were met with US air force planes flying daily over Japan airspace (an act of war), the freezing of Japan’s assets within US territory, and arms deals with Japan’s enemy- China. Roosevelt wanted the US to join the war, but felt the obligation to get the public on board. He attempted first by attacking German U- Boats, in the hope to get Hitler to retaliate; he refused to budge. Japan was the next target, in which he found “continuous putting pins in rattlesnakes finally got this country bitten.”- Roosevelt
Despite having manipulated Japan into an act of war, this wasn’t Roosevelt’s biggest act of infamy; it was merely part of the pattern. Rather, it makes the US responsible for criminal acts for following the McCollum memo “we now know who fired the first shot”- Roosevelt, right up to and concluding with, the use of Atomic bombs.